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Collection Description

Collection name Birmingham Triennial Musical Festival (1817-1909)
Unique identifier 7894.s.1.
Description A collection of prospectuses, programmes and wordbooks for the Birmingham Triennial Musical Festival given between 1817 and 1909, held as thirteen bound volumes.

The festivals consisted of both morning and evening performances, conducted by Thomas Greatorex (1817–29), William Knyvett (1834–43), Ignaz Moscheles and Felix Mendelssohn (1846), Michael Costa (1849–82) and Hans Richter (1885–1909). They were led by Franz Cramer (1817–43) and Monsieur Sainton (1846–82) with the organists Mr Stimpson (1855–85) and Mr C.W. Perkins (1888–1909): additional leaders and organists are listed below, with the solo vocal and instrumental performers.

The morning performances relied primarily on oratorio compositions, typically with one work per concert but with a growing number of ‘selections’ in later years. The evening events began as two-part ‘miscellaneous concerts’ but increasingly came to include some oratorio compositions.

Until the end of the 1829 season, the morning performances were held in St. Philip’s Church, Birmingham and the evening concerts in the Theatre Royal. Unless otherwise stated below, all performances from 1832 were given in the Town Hall, Birmingham.

All programmes include wordbooks, which provide a record of the solo performers engaged. From 1826, documentation for each Festival includes lists of the choral and orchestral ensembles (not 1843 or 1846): where no prospectus is held, this information is given generally given in the programme for the first performance. Between 1826 and 1834 and from 1855, a list of the Patrons is also given. From 1888, the prospectuses begin with a brief historical introduction to the Festival.

From 1855, the programmes begin to introduce historical and descriptive notes. From 1885, these are increasingly analytical and include detailed musical examples. Such notes are variously contributed by Joseph Bennett, C.A. Berry, George Grove and A.J. Jaeger. The material for the festivals of 1861, 1888, 1897, 1900 and 1906 begins with the signatures of the performers.

Volumes 7 to 10 of the collection include copies of the General Arrangements for the Festival and volumes 5 to 8 begin with a statement on the Birmingham General Hospital, for whose benefit the events were given.

Volume 1: 1817–23
Miscellaneous programmes for the Festivals of 1817 and 1820, with a complete set of programmes and wordbooks for 1823. Certain concerts were led by Mr Mori and, in 1823, by Paulo Spagnoletti.

- October 1817
An undated wordbook for Handel, The Messiah and a programme and wordbook for a Grand Selection of Sacred Music given on the morning of 3 October 1817. The former bears some handwritten annotations noting changes to the printed list of performers.

- 3–6 October 1820
Programmes and wordbooks for the Grand Opening Service (3 October, morning), the morning performances of Haydn, The Seasons and Handel, The Messiah (4 and 5 October) and the evening concert of 6 October 1820, given with the vocalists Mrs Salmon, Miss D. Travis, Madame Vestris, Signora Corri, Miss Symonds, Miss J. Fletcher, Miss Stephens, Mr Vaughan, Mr W. Knyvett, Messrs. Beale, Evans, Whall and Signor Begrez, Mr Bellamy and Messrs King, Goulding and Signor Ambrogetti.

- 7–10 October 1823
Morning performances: the first was a Full Cathedral Service and the third was of Handel, The Messiah. The evening concerts took place on 7, 8 and 10 October.
The programme for the first morning performance of this season incorporates a handwritten letter from the Festival committee.
Vocal: Madame Catalani, Mrs Salmon and Miss Stephens; Miss Travis, Miss Symonds, Miss Fletcher, Miss Heaton; Mr Braham and Mr Vaughan; Signor Placci, Messrs Evans, Golding, Whall, T. Greatorex, Gattie, Blackbourne and Thorne; Mr Knyvett and Mr Bellamy.

Volume 2: 1826, 1829, 1834
The first morning performance of each festival was a Full Cathedral Service whilst the third was of Handel, The Messiah. The remainder were described as Grand Selections of Sacred Music. Certain concerts in 1829 and 1834 were led by Charles Weichsel.

- 3–6 October 1826
Vocal: Madame Caradori, Miss Stephens, Miss Paton, Miss D. Travis, Miss Bacon, Miss Heaton, Miss S. Travis, Miss Clough and Mrs Wilde; Mr Braham, Mr Knyvett, Mr Bellamy, Mr Phillips, Mr Vaughan, Messrs J. Evans, Goulden, T. Greatorex, Whall, Signor Curioni and Signor de Begnis.
Instrumental: Mr J.B. Cramer (piano), Mr Lindley (cello) and Mr Nicholson (flute) with Messrs Kiesewetter and De Beriot (additional leaders).
The collection includes programmes for evening performances on 3 and 4 October 1826.

- 6–9 October 1829
Vocal: Madame Malibran Garcia, Miss Paton, Mrs Knyvett, Miss Fanny Ayton and Mademoiselle Blasis; Mr Braham, Mr Knyvett, Mr Vaughan, Signor Costa, Signor Giubilei, Signor de Begnis, Mr Bellamy and Mr Phillips.
Instrumental: Mon. De Beriot (violin), Mrs Anderson (piano), Mr Lindley (cello) and Mr Nicholson (flute).
Evening performances took place on 6 and 8 October (Operatic Selections) and 7 and 9 October (Miscellaneous Concerts).

- 7–10 October 1834
Vocal: Madame Caradori, Madame Stockhausen, Mrs Knyvett and Miss Clara Novello; Mr Braham, Signor Curioni, Mr Vaughan and Mr Horncastle; Mr Hawkins and Mr Terrail; Mr Phillips, Mr Machin, Mr Bellamy and Mr Taylor.
Instrumental: Mr Moscheles (piano), Mr Lindley (cello), The Chevalier Neukomm (organ) and Mr Stockhausen (harp), led by Messrs Mori and Loder.
Evening concerts took place on 7, 8 and 9 October, with that on 8 October being an Operatic Selection given at the Theatre Royal, Birmingham. The morning performance on 8 October included Neukomm, David (composed for the Festival).

Volume 3: 1837–43
Mr Loder (additional leader)
During the 1837 and 1840 Festivals, all morning performances except that devoted to Handel, The Messiah, combined the oratorio listed below with a ‘miscellaneous selection’.

- 19–22 September 1837 (missing the programme for final evening performance)
Vocal: Madame Grisi and Madame Albertazzi; Signor Tamburini, Signor Curioni and Signor Giubilei; Mrs Knyvett, Mrs A. Shaw and Miss C. Novello; Mr Bennett, Mr Hobbs and Mr Vaughan; Mr H. Phillips, Mr Machin, Mr Hawkins and Mr J.A. Novello.
Instrumental: Mon. Mendelssohn (piano/organ), Mr Lindley (cello) and Master Giulio Regondi (concertina), with Mr Mori (additional leader).

19 September 1837: Chevalier Neukomm, the Ascension (first English performance, conducted by the composer).
20 September 1837: Mendelssohn, St Paul.
21 September 1837: Handel, The Messiah.
22 September 1837: A.F. Haeser, The Triumph of Faith (first English performance).

19 and 21 September 1837: First and Second Miscellaneous Concert.
20 September 1837, Theatre Royal: The Opera of Semiramide and a miscellaneous selection.

- 22–25 September 1840
Vocal: Madame Dorus Gray, Madame Caradori Allan and Mrs Knyvett; Miss Birch and Miss Maria B. Hawes; Signor Lablache, Mr Braham and Mr H. Phillips; Signor Musatti and Mr Vaughan; Mr Machin, Signor F. Lablache, Mr Pearsall and Mr Young.
Instrumental: Signor Emiliani (violin), Dr Mendelssohn (piano and organ) and Mr Lindley (cello).

22 September 1840: [Handel], Israel in Egypt.
23 September 1840: [Handel], Joshua (selection); Mendelssohn, Lobgesang.
24 September 1840: Handel, The Messiah.
25 September 1840: Oratorio of Jeptha.

22 and 24 September 1840: First and Second Miscellaneous Concert
23 September 1840, Theatre Royal: La Gazza Ladra and La Prova

- 19–21 September 1843
19 September 1843: Rossini, Stabat Mater and Handel, Deborah.
20 September 1843: Dr Croft [Crotch?], Palestine, and a selection of sacred music
21 September 1843: Handel, The Messiah.

Evening (all at the Theatre Royal)
19 September 1843: Rossini, The Lady of the Lake, and a miscellaneous selection.
20 September 1843: Bellini, Norma and a miscellaneous selection.
21 September 1843: Grand Miscellaneous Concert.

Volume 4 (1846-52)
Programmes and wordbooks for the Festivals of 1849 and 1852, held with an individual programme and wordbook for a performance of Mendelssohn, Elijah given on 26 August 1846.

- 4–7 September 1849
Vocal: Madame Sontag, Madame Castellan, Miss A. Williams, Miss Stevens, Mademoiselle Jetty de Treffz and Miss Catherine Hayes; Mademoiselle Alboni, Mademoiselle de Meric and Miss M. Willams; Signor Mario, Signor Calzolari, Mr T. Williams and Mr Sims Reeves; Herr Pischek, Signor F. Lablache, Mr Machin and Signor Lablache (vocal), with Monsieur Thalberg (piano) and Messrs Wesley, Stimpson, Simms and E. Chipp (organ).

4 September 1849: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
5 September 1849: Mendelssohn, Athalie/Selection.
6 September 1849: Handel, The Messiah.
7 September 1849: Handel, Israel in Egypt.

Evening: 4, 5 and 6 September 1849.

- 7–10 September 1852
Vocal: Madame Viardot Garcia, Madame Castellan, Mademoiselle Anna Zerr, Miss Dolby, Mademoiselle Bertrandi, Miss M. Williams and Madame Clara Novello; Signor Tamberlik, Herr Formes, Mr Lockey, Mr Weiss, Mr T. Williams, Signor Polonini, Mr Simms Reeves and Signor Belletti.
Instrumental: Signor Piatti (cello), Signor Bottesini (double bass), Herr Kuhe (piano) and Mr Stimpson (organ).

7 September 1852: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
[8 September 1852]: Mendelssohn, Wesley and Haydn.
[9 September 1852]: Handel, The Messiah.
10 September 1852: Handel, Samson.

All were described as Miscellaneous Concerts, including the following works.
7 September 1852: Mendelssohn, First Walpurgis Night.
8 September 1852: Mendelssohn, Loreley.
9 September 1852: Beethoven, Grand Choral Symphony in D minor.

Volume 5: 1855–58
A complete set of programmes and wordbooks for the Festivals of 1855 and 1858, with Mr Blagrove (additional leader).
In each case, the pattern of the morning performances was as follows:
i) Mendelssohn, Elijah; ii) Costa, Eli; iii) Handel, The Messiah; iv) A Grand Selection (see below for specific pieces). All evening performances were described as Grand Miscellaneous Concerts and all included one or more main work(s) (see below).

The first programme for each Festival includes a record of donations made and a table of the amount raised by previous events. There is also, a picture of the concert venue and a short statement concerning the Birmingham General Hospital.

Bound with the programmes for both years are documents entitled ‘The Birmingham Festival: a series of papers published in “Aris’s Birmingham Gazette”’, the first of these being attributed to George Hogarth. These contain reports on various aspects of the Festival, including a large amount of historical discussion.

- 28–31 August 1855
Vocal: Madame Grisi, Mademoiselle Angiolina Bosio, Madame Rudersdorff and Madame Castellan; Miss Dolby and Madame Viardot Garcia; Signor Mario, Signor Gardoni, Herr Reichardt and Mr Sims Reeves; Signor Lablache, Mr Weiss and Herr Formes.

Morning: 28–31 August, the final performance featuring: Beethoven, Mount of Olives; Mozart, Requiem; and Handel, Israel in Egypt (selection).

Evening: 28 August (G.A. Macfarren, Lenora); 29 August (Mendelssohn, Italian Symphony and Loreley); and 30 August (Beethoven, Pastoral Symphony).

- 31 August–3 September 1858
Vocal: Madame Clara Novello, Mademoiselle Victoire Balfe and Madame Castellan; Madame Alboni, Miss Dolby and Madame Viardot Garcia; Mr Sims Reeves, Mr Montem Smith and Signor Tamberlick; Signor Ronconi, Mr Weiss and Signor Belletti.

Morning: 31 August and 1-3 September, the final performance featuring: Henry Leslie, Judith; Mendelssohn, Lauda Sion; Beethoven, Service in C.

Evening: 31 August (Handel, Acis and Galatea); 1 September (Mendelssohn, The Sons of Art); and 2 September (Costa, The Dream).

Volume 6: 1861–67
A miscellaneous collection of prospectuses, programmes and wordbooks for the Festivals of 1961, 1964 and 1967, given with Mademoiselle Titiens, Madame Lemmens Sherrington, Madame Sainton-Dolby, Mr Sims Reeves and Mr Santley (vocal) and M. Blagrove (additional leader, not 1867).

These items include a brief statement concerning the Birmingham General Hospital and a photograph of the performance venue (not 1864).

- 27–30 August 1861
A complete set of programmes and wordbooks. The festival was given with the additional vocalists Madame Rudersdorff, Mademoiselle Adelina Patti, Miss Palmer, Mr Montem Smith, Signor Giuglini and Signor Belletti.

27 August 1861: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
28 August 1861: Handel, Samson.
29 August 1861: Handel, The Messiah.
30 August 1861: Beethoven, Grand Service in D; Hummel, Alma Virgo; Handel, Israel in Egypt.

27 and 30 August 1861: Miscellaneous Concerts.
28 August 1861: Haydn, The Creation.
30 August 1861: Handel, Judas Maccabeus.

- 6-9 September 1864
The prospectus with programmes, held with a separate programmes and wordbooks for concerts on 7 (evening) and 9 (morning) September. This festival featured the additional vocalists Madame Rudersdorff, Mademoiselle Adelina Patti, Miss Palmer, Mr W.H. Cummings, Signor Mario and Mr Weiss.

6 September: Mendelssohn, Saint Paul.
7 September: M. Costa, Naaman (composed expressly for the occasion).
8 September: Handel, The Messiah.
9 September: Beethoven, Mount of Olives; Handel, Solomon (selection).

6 and 8 September: A Miscellaneous Concert.
7 September: A Grand Classical Concert.
9 September: Mendelssohn, Elijah.

- 27-30 August 1867
The prospectus with programmes, held with a complete set of programmes and wordbooks. This Festival was given with the additional vocalists Mademoiselle Christine Nilsson, Madame Patey Whytock, Mr W.H. Cummings and Mr Weiss.

27 August 1867: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
28 August 1867, Town Hall: W.S. Bennett, The Woman of Samaria; Handel, Judas Maccabeus.
29 August 1867: Handel, The Messiah.
30 August 1867, Town Hall: Gounod, Messe Solennelle; Handel, Israel in Egypt.

With the exception of the last, all of these performances were referred to as Miscellaneous Concerts, including the pieces listed below.
27 August 1867, Town Hall: Handel, Alexander’s Feast.
28 August 1867, Town Hall: J. Benedict, The Legend of St. Cecilia.
29 August 1867: John Francis Barnett, The Ancient Mariner.
30 August 1867: Mendelssohn, St. Paul.

Volume 7: 1870, 1873
Prospectuses (with programmes) and complete sets of programmes and wordbooks for the 30th and 31st Birmingham Festivals held in 1870 and 1873, with the vocalists Mademoiselle Tietiens, Madame Lemmens Sherrington, Madame Patey, Mr Sims Reeves, Mr Vernon Rigby, Mr W.H. Cummings, Mr Santley and Signor Foli.

This volume includes a picture of the concert venue and bound with the documentation for 1870 is a list of the donations made to the Festival, a copy of the receipts/summary of the accounts for the event and a diagram/seating plan of the Town Hall.

The first three evening performances of each Festival were described as Miscellaneous Concerts, including the works cited below:

- 30 August-2 September 1870
30 August 1870: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
31 August 1870: Costa, Naaman.
1 September 1870: Handel, Messiah.
2 September 1870: Jules Benedict, St Peter (first time of performance); Mozart, Requiem.

30 August 1870: John Francis Barnett, Paradise and the Peri (composed expressly for this Festival).
31 August 1870: Prof. R.P. Stewart, Ode to Shakespeare (new cantata).
1 September 1870: Ferdinand Hiller, Nala and Damayanti (new cantata).
2 September 1870: Handel, Samson.

This festival also featured the vocalists Miss Edith Wynne, Mademoiselle Ilma de Murska and Mademoiselle Drasdil.

- 26-29 August 1873
26 August 1873: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
27 August 1873: Arthur S. Sullivan, The Light of the World (first performance).
28 August 1873: Handel, The Messiah.
29 August 1873: Spohr, God, Thou Art Great; Haydn, Mass No. 3; Handel, Israel in Egypt (selections). Also, first performances of two choral pieces by Rossini.

26 August 1873: F. Schira, The Lord of Burleigh (new cantata, composed for the Festival).
27 August 1873: Beethoven, Symphony in C minor; Rossini, National Hymn (first English performance).
28 August 1873: Alberto Randegger, Fridolin (a dramatic cantata, composed expressly for the Festival).
29 August 1873: Handel, Judas Maccabeus.

This festival also featured the vocalists Mademoiselle Albani and Madame Trebelli Bettini.

Volume 8: 1876, 1879
Prospectuses (with programmes) and complete sets of programmes and wordbooks for the 32nd and 33rd Birmingham Festivals, given in 1876 and 1879, with the vocalists Madame Lemmens Sherrington, Madame Trebelli Bettini, Mr Vernon Rigby, Mr Edward Lloyd and Mr Santley (vocal).

Both prospectuses include a list of the donations received and a picture of the concert venue. Bound at the end of the documentation for each seasons are lists of the Officers of the Festival, financial statements/accounts and seating plans for the Town Hall.

The first three evening performances of each season were described as Miscellaneous Concerts and featured the works listed below.

- 29 August–1 September 1876
29 August 1876: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
30 August 1876: Mendelssohn, Hear My Prayer; Hummel, Alma Virgo; G.A. Macfarren, The Resurrection (composed expressly for the Festival and conducted by the composer).
31 August 1876: Handel, The Messiah.
1 September 1876: Spohr, The Last Judgement; Wagner, Scriptural Scene; Beethoven, Grand Service in C.

29 August 1876: F.H. Cowen, Dramatic Cantata, The Corsair (composed expressly for the Festival).
30 August 1876: Niels W. Gade, Cantata ‘Zion’ (first performance/composed expressly for the Festival).
31 August 1876: Niels W. Gade, The Crusaders.
1 September 1876: Mendelssohn, St. Paul.

This Festival also featured the vocalists Mademoiselle Titiens, Mademoiselle Albani, Madame Patey, Mr Cecil Tovey and Signor Foli.

- 26-29 August 1879
26 August 1879: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
27 August 1879: Rossini, Moses in Egypt.
28 August 1879: Handel, The Messiah.
29 August 1879: Cherubini, Requiem; Mendelssohn, Hymn of Praise.

26 August 1879: Max Bruch, Cantata, The Lay of the Bell.
27 August 1879: Beethoven, Symphony No.7.
28 August 1879: Saint Saens, The Lyre and the Harp.
29 August 1879: Handel, Israel in Egypt.

This Festival also featured the vocalists Miss Anna Williams, Madame Gerster, Madame Patey, Mr Joseph Maas, Mr W.H. Cummings and Herr Henschel.

Volume 9: 1882, 1885
Prospectuses and programmes (with wordbooks and notes) for the 34th and 35th Birmingham Musical Festivals, given in 1882 and 1885 with the vocalists Madame Albani, Miss Anna Williams, Madame Patey, Madame Trebelli, Mr Edward Lloyd, Mr Joseph Maas, Mr Santley, Mr F. King and Signor Foli.

The documentation for 1882 includes a handwritten letter to Sir Michael Costa regarding the dates for the Festival and a newspaper cutting containing a financial summary of the event. The first three evening performances of each Festival were described as Miscellaneous Concerts, including the works listed below (all cantatas).

- 29 August–1 September 1882
29 August 1882: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
30 August 1882: Gounod, The Redemption.
31 August 1882: Handel, The Messiah.
1 September 1882: Mozart, Symphony in G minor; Cherubini, Fourth Mass; Beethoven, The Mount of Olives.

29 August 1882: J. Benedict, Graziella.
30 August 1882: Gaul, The Holy City.
31 August 1882: Gade, Psyche.
1 September 1882: Gounod, The Redemption.

This Festival also featured the vocalists Miss Eleanor Farnol, Madame Marie Roze and Mr W.H. Cummings.

- 25-28 August 1885
25 August 1885: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
26 August 1885: Gounod, Mors et Vita.
27 August 1885: Handel, The Messiah.
28 August 1885: Stanford, The Three Holy Children; Beethoven, Symphony No.9.

25 August 1885: Cowen, Sleeping Beauty.
26 August 1885: Anderton, Yule Tide. Also, Prout, Symphony No. 3 in F major (composed for the Festival).
27 August 1885: Dvorak, The Spectre’s Bride.
28 August 1885: Gounod, Mors et Vita.

This Festival also featured Mrs Hutchinson, Mr C. Wade and Mr Watkin Mills (vocal) and Senor Sarasate (violin), led by Mr A. Burnett.

Volume 10: 1888, 1891
Prospectuses (with programmes) for the Festivals of 1888 and 1891, with the vocalists Madame Albani, Miss Anna Williams, Mr Edward Lloyd, Mr Santley, Mr Brereton, held with complete sets of individual programmes and wordbooks, including a seating plan of the Town Hall.

- 28-31 August 1888
28 August 1888: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
29 August 1888: Parry, Judith.
30 August 1888: Handel, The Messiah.
31 August 1888: J.S. Bach, Magnificat.

The first three evening performances were described as Miscellaneous Concert, their first part consisting of the extended work listed below.
28 August 1888: Dvorak, Stabat Mater.
29 August 1888: A. Sullivan, The Golden Legend.
30 August 1888: J.F. Bridge, New Cantata ‘Callirhöe’.
31 August 1888: Handel, Saul.

The festival also featured Miss Ambler, Madame Patey, Madame Trebelli, Mr Piercy, Mr Banks and Signor Foli (vocal) and Miss Fanny Davies (piano).

- 6-9 October 1891
6 October 1891: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
7 October 1891: J.S. Bach, St. Matthew Passion.
8 October 1891: Handel, Messiah.
9 October 1891: Dvorak, Requiem Mass (composed expressly for this Festival).

6 October 1891: Miscellaneous, including A.C. Mackenzie, New Cantata, Veni Creator Spiritus (composed for this Festival).
7 October 1891: Stanford, New Dramatic Oratorio, Eden (first performance).
8 October 1891: Miscellaneous Concert.
9 October 1891: Berlioz, Faust.

The Festival also featured Mrs Brereton, Miss Macintyre, Miss Hilda Wilson, Madame Hope Glenn, Mr Iver McKay, Mr Watkin Mills and Mr Henschel (vocal) and Dr Joachin (violin).

Volume 11: 1894, 1897
The prospectuses (with programmes) for the Festivals of 1894 and 1897, given with the vocalists Madame Albani, Miss Anna Williams, Miss Marie Brema, Mr Edward Lloyd and Mr Andrew Black, held with a complete set of programmes and wordbooks.

- 2-5 October 1894
2 October 1894: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
3 October 1894: Parry, King Saul (composed expressly for this Festival).
4 October 1894: Handel, The Messiah.
5 October 1894: Cherubini, Mass in D minor; selections.

2 October 1894: First Miscellaneous Concert, including Berlioz, Te Deum (first Birmingham performance).
3 October 1894: Goring Thomas, The Swain and the Skylark (first performance); Sullivan, Overture ‘In Memoriam’; Mendelssohn, Hymn of Praise.
4 October 1894: Miscellaneous Concert, including G. Henschel, Stabat Mater (first performance).
5 October 1894: Wagner, Overture ‘Tannhauser’; Schumann, Faust – Part III; Beethoven, Symphony No.9.

The festival also featured the vocalists Mrs Henschel, Miss Hilda Wilson, Madame Marian McKenzie, Mr Iver McKay, Eugene Oudin, Mr Brereton and Mr Henschel.

- 5-8 October 1897
5 October 1897: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
6 October 1897: C.V. Stanford, Requiem (first performance); Bach, O Light Everlasting.
7 October 1897: Handel, The Messiah.
8 October 1897: Schubert, Mass in E flat; C.H.H. Parry, Job.

5 October 1897: Miscellaneous Concert, including E. German, Symphonic Poem ‘Hamlet’ (first performance).
6 October 1897: Purcell, King Arthur; selection.
7 October 1897: Miscellaneous Concert, including Arthur Somervell, An Ode to the Sea (composed expressly for the Festival).
8 October 1897: Berlioz, Faust.

The festival also featured the vocalists Miss Evangeline Florence, Miss Hilda Foster, Miss Ada Crossley, Mr George May, Mr Ben Davies, Mr Plunket Greene and Mr Bispham.

Volume 12: 1900, 1903
Prospectuses (with programmes) for the Festivals of 1900 and 1903, given with the vocalists Madame Albani, Madame Clara Butt, Mr William Green, Mr Ben Davies and Mr Andrew Black, held with sets of programmes and wordbooks for the events.

- 2-5 October 1900
2 October 1900: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
3 October 1900: Elgar, The Dream of Gerontius; Schubert, Symphony ‘Unfinished’; Handel, Israel in Egypt (selections).
4 October 1900: Bach, St. Matthew Passion.
5 October 1900: Brahms, A German Requiem; selections.

2 October 1900: Miscellaneous Concert.
3 October 1900: S. Coleridge-Taylor, Song of Hiawatha.
4 October 1900: Miscellaneous Concert, including Dvorak, The Spectre’s Bride.
5 October 1900: Handel, The Messiah.

This Festival also featured Miss Evangeline Florence, Miss Esther Palliser, Miss Marie Brema, Miss Ada Crossley, Mr Edward Lloyd, Mr Plunket Green and Mr Bispham (vocal).

13-16 October 1903
13 October 1903: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
14 October 1903: Elgar, The Apostles (first performance, conducted by the composer).
15 October 1903: Handel, The Messiah.
16 October 1903: Bach, Mass in B minor.

All miscellaneous concerts, including the extended works cited below
13 October 1903: Stanford, Ballad for Solos, Chorus and Orchestra, ‘The Voyage of Maeldune.
14 October 1903: Sullivan, The Golden Legend.
15 October 1903:
16 October 1903: Bruckner, Te Deum (first performance in England).

This festival also featured the vocalists Miss Agnes Nicholls, Miss Muriel Foster, Madame Kirkby Lunn, Mr John Coates, Mr Kennerley Rumford and Mr Ffrangcon-Davies.

Volume 13: 1906, 1909
The prospectus (with programmes) for the Festival of 1906, held with a complete set of programmes and wordbooks for the Festival of 1906 and 1909. With the exception of those on 2 October 1906 and 8 October 1909, the evening performances were all described as Miscellaneous Concerts and included the works listed below.

2–5 October 1906
Madame Albani, Miss Gleeson-White and Miss Agnes Nicholls, Madame Ada Crossley and Miss Muriel Foster, Mr John Coates, Mr John Harrison and Mr William Green, Mr Ffrangcon Davies, Mr William Higley, Mr Dalton Baker, Mr Charles Clark and Mr Robert Radford (vocal), with Mischa Elman (violin).

2 October 1906: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
3 October 1906: Elgar, The Kingdom (first performance, conducted by the composer).
4 October 1906: Handel, The Messiah.
5 October 1906: Beethoven, Mass in D; selection including Christian Ritter, Alto Cantata, O amantissime sponse Jesu (first English performance).

2 October 1906: Elgar, The Apostles (conducted by the composer).
3 October 1906: including the first performance of Josef Holbrooke, The Bells and Percy Pitt, Sinfonietta in G minor.
4 October 1906: including Granville Bantock, Omar Khayyam (composed expressly for this Festival).
5 October 1906:

5–8 October 1909
5 October 1909: Mendelssohn, Elijah.
6 October 1909: Elgar, The Dream of Gerontius; selection.
7 October 1909: Handel, Judas Maccabaeus.
8 October 1909: miscellaneous including Cherubini, Mass in C.

5 October 1909: including Rutland Boughton, Midnight (first performance).
6 October 1909: including Dvorak, Stabat Mater.
7 October 1909: including Granville Bantock, Omar Khayyam.
8 October 1909: Berlioz, Faust.
Date range 1817 - 1909
Associated People and Organisations Zerr, Anna - Wynne, Edith - Wilson, Hilda - Williams, Anna - Wagner, Richard - Trebelli-Bettini, Zélia - Tovey, Cecil - Tietjens, Therese - Thomas, Arthur Goring - Thalberg, Sigismond - Sullivan, Arthur - Stimpson, James - Stewart, Robert - Stanford, Charles Villiers - Spohr, Louis - Spagnoletti, Paulo - Somervell, Arthur - Smith, Montem - Schubert, Franz - Schira, Francesco - Santley, Charles - Sainton-Dolby, Charlotte - Sainton, Prosper - Rumford, Kennerley - Rudersdorff, Hermine - Roze, Marie - Rossini, Gioacchino - Ritter, Christian - Rigby, Vernon - Richter, Hans - Regondi, Giulio - Reeves, Sims - Randegger, Alberto - Radford, Robert - Purcell, Henry - Prout, Ebenezer - Pitt, Percy - Pischek, Jan - Piercy, Henry - Piatti, Alfredo Carlo - Perkins, C. W. (Mr) - Patti, Adelina - Patey-Whytock, Janet - Patey, Madame - Parry, C. Hubert Hastings - Palliser, Esther - Oudin, Eugene - Novello, Clara - Nilsson, Christine - Nicholls, Agnes - Neukomm, Sigmund - Murska, Ilma de - Mori, Nicholas - Mills, Watkin - Mendelssohn, Felix - McKenzie, Marian - McKay, Iver - May, George - Macfarren, George - Maas, Joseph - Lunn, Kirkby 1873 - 1930 Lloyd, Edward - Leslie, Henry 1822 - 1896 Lemmens-Sherrington, Madame - Lablache, Federico - Kuhe, Wilhelm - Knyvett, William - King, Frederick - Joachim, Joseph - Jaeger, August - Hummel, Johann Nepomuk - Holbrooke, Josef - Hiller, Ferdinand - Higley, William - Henschel, Helen Henriette - Henschel, George (Isidor Georg) - Hayes, Catherine - Haydn, Joseph - Harrison, John - Handel, George Frideric - Haeser, August Ferdinand - Grove, George - Greene, Harry Plunkett - Green, William - Greatorex, Thomas - Gounod, Charles - Goddard, Arabella - Glenn, Hope - Gleeson-White, Madame - German, Edward - Gade, Niels - Foster, Muriel - Foster, Hilda - Foli, Allan James - Florence, Evangeline - Ffrangcon-Davies, David - Farnol, Eleanor - Elman, Mischa - Elgar, Edward - Dvorak, Antonin - Davies, Fanny - Davies, Ben 1858 - 1943 Cummings, William H - Crossley, Ada - Cramer, Johann Baptist - Cramer, Franz - Cowen, Frederic - Costa, Michael - Coates, John 1865 - 1941 Clark, Charles - Cherubini, (Carlo) Luigi - Catalani, Angelica - Butt, Clara - Bruckner, Anton - Bridge, J. F. - Brereton, W. H. - Brereton, W. H. (Mrs) - Brema, Marie - Brahms, Johannes - Boughton, Rutland - Bottesini, Giovanni - Blagrove, Henry - Black, Andrew - Bispham, David - Birmingham Triennial Festival - Berlioz, Hector - Bennett, William Sterndale - Bennett, Joseph - Benedict, Julius - Beethoven, Ludwig van - Barry, Charles Ainslie - Barnett, John Francis - Bantock, Granville - Balfe, Victoire - Baker, Dalton - Bach, Johann Sebastian - Anderton, Thomas - Albani, Madame -
Associated Places St. Philip's Church Theatre Royal, Birmingham Birmingham Coliseum (afterwards Gaiety)
Associated Times 19th century - early 1800-1836 19th century - early Victorian 1837-1850 19th century - late Victorian 1876-1899 19th century - mid Victorian 1851-1875 20th century - early 1900-1930
Associated Content Brochures Correspondence Annotations Signatures Analytical Notes Musical Examples Word books List of orchestral players First performances Programme notes
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